No matter what industry you are in, we are all facing unique individual challenges to become carbon neutral by 2050.
Therefore, this is no different for our leading suppliers on our new Renewable Biomass and Related Services DPS. Although the DPS provides a clear, compliant route to market for biomass goods and services, our supply base is also continuously exploring new and innovative solutions to fight against climate change.
Net zero brings many challenges within the industry, but what are they?
Under new laws and regulations set by the government to help reduce our carbon emissions, our customer and supply base have been under a considerable amount of pressure to move away from the use of fossil fuels, such as washed coal.
Coal is the most carbon-intensive fossil fuel, and phasing it out is a key element in achieving the emission reductions needed to limit global warming. Not only does the production of coal generate carbon emissions through large quantities of carbon dioxide, but it also contributes to the damaging of natural habitats through deforestation and mountaintop removal, which in turn disrupts entire ecosystems.
As we know, coal is a non-renewable source; however, we have used coal like it is a limitless supply. This is far from the case! It is predicted that if we continue to burn coal at our current rate, we will more than likely run out of known reserves by 2060. Continuing to generate renewable sources will not only generate the power we need, but it will also protect the natural environment, contributing to reducing greenhouse gases.
Our new DPS provides a compliant route to market for renewable biomass fuels, such as wood chips and wood pellets and related services to accelerate the reduction of individual carbon emissions goals – ultimately fighting against climate change and reducing damaging greenhouse gases.
How are biomass wood pellets and wood chips made?
Biomass wood pellets are a by-product of wood processing, which are often found in forms of sawdust, shavings, and offcuts or from freshly cut timber that has specifically been felled to produce wood pellets. To ensure the wood chips are of a high quality, the wood chippings are processed and screened. They're then heated to reduce its moisture content to below 12%, they're then converted into a fine powder. This is then pressed through a grate at high pressure, which will then form the solid, short, and dense biomass pellet.
Biomass wood chips are sourced from similar processes; these include logging residues, stumps, roots, and other wood waste from tree cuttings. Once sourced, the chippings are then screened for quality control before they are then dried down so that their moisture content is less than 30%.
What are the benefits of using biomass fuels?
The production of renewable biomass protects our climate against destruction, deforestation and damaging of ecosystems, contributing to the mass reduction in carbon emissions. Green projects within our supplier bases have innovated solutions by supporting and funding reforestation projects to support the lifecycle of sustainable biomass. This ensures that when biomass fuels are harvested, new trees are planted – as they grow, trees absorb CO2, which is then stored within the tree’s bark.
As the pellets and chips undergo the process of heating and drying out to the required moisture levels, the same amount of CO2 is then released as if the tree was rotting organically. Not only does this limit the amount of waste contributing to our landfills, but it does not produce carbon dioxide and other damaging indirect greenhouse gases such as sulphur dioxide and mercury that is ultimately contributing towards climate change.
If you have any questions or would like to know more about our new Renewable Biomass framework and how can YPO can help, please get in touch with the team!